Learning styles and modes - Diary April 26th 2019

When people learn something new, some people prefer learning by reading some study materials (Print learners), some people prefer seeing illustrations, video clips ... etc (Visual learners), some people prefer listening some audiotape or things like that (Aural learners), and some people learn best by verbal communication such as asking questions to his/her instructor, exchanging ideas with other class members ... etc (Verbal learners). Like this, each person's preferred learning style and mode are various. This is one of topics I'm interested in recently.

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Both sides of a coin

When you teach/instruct something to others, coach approach (empathetic and supportive teaching method) and expert approach(technical and informative approach), these two methods should be the both sides of a coin, like the concept of Yin & Yung.
This is an ideal of my fitness and language learning and instruction.

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A way for increasing self-confidence

Accumulation of small success can lead to increase in self-confidence.

Assuming that you set up a goal to increase your current performance level by 25 %, and if you have achieved it, your confidence level increase by 1 point.

If you set up a goal to improve your current performance level 5 %, and achieved it, your confidence level will increase by 5 points.

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the importance of slowing down and relaxing.

It's important to continue to establish trust & rapport in each and every coaching session. Trust & rapport are not earned in a single moment. They are earned or lost during every moment of coaching sessions. If coaches are hurry to " get down to business ", trust & rapport will be compromised or lost. Coaches need to set aside the time to have a relaxed-and relaxing-presence with clients. Even when appointments are scheduled back to back, it is important to slow down, be completely present, and savor every moment with each client.

Moore, M., Jackson, E., & Tschannnen-Moran, B. (2016).
Coaching psychology manual, second edition.
Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.   

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appropriate and comfortable pace of progression

One of important points for those who are engaging in teaching/instructing profession is setting a comfortable pace of learning for participants.


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I had been looking for some appropriate English word for Japanese expression " Ikigai ", and I came across a word that just matches it in an exam prep document for behavior modification. That phrase is " a sense of meaning and purpose in life ".
Have a good day today as well, guys !

「生きがい」という言葉にぴったりくる英語の表現をずっと探していたのですが、なかなか良い表現が思いつかずにいました。本日、ウェルネス・コーチング関連の資料を読んでいて、こんな表現に出会いました。" A sense of meaning and purpose in life "

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Trial, Correction, and Learning

When learning to walk, infants fall many times.
These are not failures, but essential lessons that help them learn how to walk. At times, setbacks are an essential part of the change process.



Moore, M., Jackson, E., & Tshannen-Moran, B. (2016).
Coaching psychology manual, second edition.
Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

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行動変容の5段階 Five stages of change

Five steps in behavior change  行動変容における5段階

1) Getting psyched   (何かから刺激を受ける)
2) Getting prepared  (新しいことを始めることへの精神的な準備)
3) Perspire/Take action  (実際に行動してみる)
4) Persevere/manage slips (壁に当たった時に、どう対応するか?)
5) Persist/maintain change (新しい習慣を維持する)

Moore, M., Jackson,E., & Tschannen-Moran, B. (2016).
Coaching psychology manual, second edition.
Philadelphia:PA. Wolters Kluwer.   

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An example of simple reflection


client : I don't have time to exercise. My spouse and friends don't either.

coach : It seems that you, your friends, and your spouse don't have time to exercise.

client : That's true, except for one of my friends who is an avid runner. I don't know how he does it.

coach : When you say you have a friend who is an avid runner, it sounds like you are impressed and may be curious, wondering how he manages to find the time.
Retrieved from Coaching psychology manual (Moore, Jackson, & Tschannen-Moran, 2016).

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An example of double-sided reflection

client : I don't have time to exercise. My friends and my spouse don't either.

coach : I hear you saying that you don't have time to exercise and that your friends and spouse don't either. But I've also heard you say that exercise makes you feel better and that regular exercise would be good for your energy and health.

client : That's the problem. I want to exercise, and it does make me feel better, but it cuts into my time with family and friends. If I could figure out how to do both, perhaps I could make exercise stick.

coach : It sounds like you are feeling discouraged because it's hard to meet your needs for both exercise and connection, and it would be worthwhile to find a way.

Coaching psychology manual, second edition (2016).       

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